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|Posted: Thu Dec 29, 2005 2:45 pm Post subject: Hossein Behzad (1894-1968) The Greatest Leading Cotemporary
|Hossein Behzad (1894-1968)
The Greatest Iranian Leading Cotemporary Miniature Artist
He became internationally known and won many awards.
In honor of this artist, the "Behzad Museum", located in Tehran's Sa'd Abad Palace  holds the collection of most of his works.
He is not to be confused with another Persian miniature artist Kamaleddin Behzad.
Born in 1894, Tehran, Deceased in 1968
He was interested in Painting, when he was child. He was 8, when he started to work, and worked for himself, when he was 20. He married in 1918 with Azizeh and had only a son (Parviz).
1915 : Illustration of Nizami's Book (British Museum)
1918 : Travel to Tiflis to go to Europe to sell Illustrations of Nizami's Book(70 Days)
1935 : Travel to Paris that made an evaluation in his style(13 months)
1936 : Illustration of the Rubayat of Khayyam, which was shown in New York and Washington in 1957
1946 : Employment in Iran Bastan Museum
1948 : Employment in Fine Arts Museum
1946-1954 : Painted "Ferdowsi", "Madaen Arch", "Night of Qadr", "Hafiz"and "Oil" paintings. He had many different paintings during these years and changed the outlook of Persian Miniature.
1952: Fin Arts Museum
1954: Auditirium & Iran Bastan Museum in the Millennium & Avicenna
1956: Iran-America Society
1956: Iran-German Society
Mehregan Club : Several Exhibitions
The New Iran Bastan Museum
1955: Modern Arts Museum, Paris
1956: Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
1956: New York
1958: Brussels International Exhibitions
1. First class Medal of Ministry of Culture ,1949
2. Diploma for best painting in 15th Painting Olympiad, Helsinki,1952
3. Avicenna Medal of Iran Bastan Museum in honor of Behzad stand in the Millennium & Avicenna
4. Diploma of Honor from the Belgian International Exhibition, 1958
5. First class Medal of International Painting Contest in Miniapolis, USA, 1958, among 230 painters from 97 countries
6. First class Medal of Art from Fine Arts Department
7. Honorary Medal of Art by Faculty of Ornamental Arts in the last year of his life, 1968
A Summary of Behzad Biography
The great Iranian master miniaturist, Hossein Behzad the son of pen-holder designer, Mirza Lotfollah Esfahani was born in Tehran in 1894. He was greatly interrested in painting in his early childhood, and his father put him under the care of pen-holderdesigner Molla Ali in Madjma-os-Sanayeh The Art Center to gain miniature painting skills. Behzad once said; an unkown and obscure feeling, pulled me toward painting, and when I took pencil or pen following this feeling, I felt like a thirsty man who reaches a limpid and refreshing spring.
It was not long before his father and his trainer died by the attack of cholera. The hard and tragic period of the life of this sensitive and talented child started since this time. Now Hossdein become the apprentice of Hossein Peikar-Negar who once was Molla Ali's apprentice. Behzad worked for him for twelve years developing his experience while making a living. He finally left Peikar-Negar in the age of 18, and opened a work shop of his own at Haji- Rahim Khan Caraavansarai near Sabzeh Maidan.
At first Behzad followed the style of old masters like Kamaleddin Behzad and Reza Abbassi. His works was so skillfully that one could not tell the difference between his works and the old masters'. He got married to Azizeh Khanam in 1921, who gave birth to their only child, Parviz.
Behzad left for France in 1934, stayed in Paris for thirteen months during which he surveyed various Eastern and Western painting styles in Louvre, Guimet and Versailles museums. The result of this trip was the invention of a new style in miniature art by Behzad. He states aboutthis travel as;
My talent budded and I become aware of my ability, my fingers attained new sensation and passion.
After his return from Pariss, Behzad stopped imitating old masters works, while pursuing the miniature principles.
MY study in various Iranian and foreign miniature styles aimed to create a new Iranian style conformed with the modern art. Miniature painting which had been turned to undesirable and unbecoming art, was gradually dispearing and I tried to bring a new style to save it from falling into oblivion.
On the occasion of the Avicenna millenium in 1953, an exhibition of Behzad's works was held at the Iran Bastan Museum which drew attention of Orientalist guests from 64 countries. Turkish miniaturist and the professor of medicine. Solheil Anvar wrote in an article in Vatan newspaper published in Istanbul as;
Behzad, this great artist belongs not only to Iran but also to the world. The French newspapers published many articles in praise of this Iranian artist.
The Iran Bastan exhibition was a big start for Behzad to win the fame worldwide. Following it, an exhibition of his works was held in Modern Art Museum in Paris by the French government and several exhibitionss in the Libtary of Congfess of the United States was welcomed and praised by Americans.
Behzad trained some trainees during his productive artistic life, one of the most famous is engineer Mohammad Naseripour, who was his accompany and now is a miniaturist pursung Behzad's style.
Hossein Behzad fell sick and was bed-ridden during the latter part of his life and due to the aggravated illness he passed away on sunday 21st. Mehr 1347 H.S. - 13th. Oct. 1968 at 8;40 p.m. He was buried at the cemetry adjasent to Imamzadeh Abdullah in Rey, not far from Tehan.
1. Olympic Diploma for the best painting at the Olympic Painting
Exhibition in Helsinki, 1952
2. Avicenna Medal from Iran-Bastan Museum 1953
3. Honorary Diploma from The International Exhibition in Belgium 1958.
4. First Class Medal from the International Painting competition in Minneapolis 1958.
5. First Class Art Medal from the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts.
6. First Class Medal from the Ministry of Education.
7. Honorary title of Art Master by the Council of the Art Instructors of the College
of Decorative Arts, Tehran, 1968.
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