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17 Deymah 2564- Iranian Women's Liberation Day

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 06, 2006 10:03 pm    Post subject: 17 Deymah 2564- Iranian Women's Liberation Day Reply with quote

By the order of His Imperial Majesty Reza Shah the Great, the King of Iran, and the founder of Modern Iran:

17 Deymah 2564

7 January 1936

Was Declared Iranian Women's Liberation Day

Iranian woman: 70 years ago Reza Shah the Great created your Liberation Day. Today our nation has been occupied by a terrorist Islamic Republic for 27 years. You have been flogged, stoned, and treated as sub-humans for 27 long years. Before the Islamic invasion of our nation you, the Iranian women, were leaders of the great Iranian Nation. From the day of your liberation till the overthrow of our beloved King by islamic terrorists and the enemies of Iran, you were once again given the chance to prove your powerful status in society; and which you did. Why should you have to suffer once again!

Iranian woman: RISE! As you have done in the past. Show your courage and strenght. Show the world the true meaning of the word "ShirZane Irani". You are the power. You have the will. You are the future and can and will do whatever you wish. Stand fearlessly against your oppressors! Do not let your rights be trampled by backward anti-Iranian creatures who under a foreign religion/culture have kept you behind dark garments and treated you sub-humanly for 1400 years.

Iranian woman: In paying your respects to Modern Iran's founder and for the creation of this day in your honor stand up for your rights.




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Ba Sepaas

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PostPosted: Sat Jan 07, 2006 2:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


پيام شهبانو فرح پهلوی بمناسبت هفتادمين سالروز ۱۷ دی ماه ۱۳۱۴
روز آزادی زنان ايران
۱۷ دی ماه ۱۳۸۴
هموطنان عزیزم
زنان آزاده و عدالتخواه ایران،
ران را ; ه ای ; ع; ام ; ی ج ; اع ; م; ت; ار اج ; ت; اخ ; ا، س ; ه; ت آن ; یّ; م; ه اه ; د ك ; ن; ت; س; ی ه ; ائ ; داد ه ; ا و روی ; ران، روزه ; ر ای ; اص ; ع; خ م ; اری ; در ت
ا و ; ن روزه ; ی; م; ی از ه ; ك; اه ۱۳۱۴ ی ; د. ۱۷ دی م ; وده ان ; از ب ; ده س ; ن; ولات آی ; ح; ای ت ; ش; گ; رده و راه ; ون ك ; رگ ; دگ
رویدادهای تاریخی است.
ارت ; ران از اس ; ان ای ; ي زن ; ائ ; رای ره ; ت ب ; ی; روط ; ش; ش م ; ب; ن; ای ج ; ی از آرزوه ; ك; ق ی ; ق; ح; ع، روز ت ; اه در واق ; ۱۷ دی م
ا- ; ج ج ; ی; ران در ه ; ان ای ; ه زن ; ری ك ; ص; ود. در ع ; ی ب ; ل; ه م ; ع; وس ; دّد و ت ; ج; ه ت ; ی ب ; اب ; ی; ت; ی و دس ; ائ ; ط; رون وس ; ات ق ; ب; اس ; ن; م
ا; د، رض ; دن ; ی ش ; م; وب ن ; س; ح; ران م ; ت ای ; یّ; ع; م; زو ج ; د و ج ; دن ; ی آم ; م; اب ن ; س; ه ح ; وری- ب ; ش; ای ك ; اری ه ; م; ر ش ; ی در س ; تّ; ح
د، ; ن; اش ; ی ب ; اع ; م; ت; ی اج ; دگ ; ازن ; ی و س ; دگ ; ار از زن ; ن; ر ك ; ران ب ; ردم ای ; ف م ; ص; ی ن ; ت; ا وق ; ه ت ; ت ك ; اف ; ت دری ; راس ; ه ف ; ر ب ; ی; ب; اه ك ; ش
ارت و ; اب اس ; ج; دن ح ; ا دری ; ه; ن; ه ت ; ن « کشف حجاب » : ن; رای ; اب ; ن; ود. ب ; د ب ; واه ; خ; ن ن ; ك; م; ی م ; اع ; م; ت; ه اج ; ع; وس ; ت و ت ; رف ; ش; ی; پ
ان ; اء زن ; ق; رای کشف حقوق و آزادی های اساسی و ارت ; ی ب ; لاش ; ه ت ; ك; ل; ود ب ; ی ب ; ران ; ای زن ای ; م; ی; ر و س ; ام از س ; اوه
ل و ; ب; ای ق ; س ه ; ك; ه ع ; اه ب ; وت ; ی ك ; اه ; گ; ود. ن ; ر ب ; راب ; ی ب ; اع ; م; ت; وق اج ; ق; ا ح ; ب « شهروند آزاد » ه; ب « ضعيفه » ران از ; ای
ی- ; ن; ه روش ; ران را ب ; ان ای ; م زن ; ی; ظ; ای ع ; ت ه ; رف ; ش; ی; رف و پ ; گ; ای ش ; ی ه ; ون ; رگ ; ا ۱۳۵۷ دگ ; اه ۱۳۱۴ ت ; د از ۱۷ دی م ; ع; ب
نشان می دهد.
ن; ری ; رده ت ; ت; س; ن و گ ; ری ; دت ; دی ; ا ش ; ز و ب ; ی; ت; ن زن س ; ی; وان ; ع ق ; ا وض ; ی ب ; لام ; وری اس ; ه; م; م ج ; ر رژی ; ی; ای اخ ; ال ه ; در س
د و ; ا رش ; د، امّ ; ردان ; از گ ; ی ب ; ائ ; ط; رون وس ; ت ق ; ب; اس ; ن; ه م ; ر- ب ; گ; ار دی ; ا را- ب ; ن م ; ه; ی; ان م ; ا زن ; د ت ; ی; وش ; ه ك ; ر چ ; ات اگ ; غ; ی; ل; ب; ت
ان ; ن; اه، چ ; ا ش ; د رض ; م; ح; رت م ; ض; ح; ی; ل; ر و اع ; ی; ب; اه ك ; ا ش ; ان رض ; ران در زم ; ان ای ; ای زن ; وق و آزادی ه ; ق; لای ح ; ت; اع
ه و ; ان ; واه ; خ; ارزات آزادی ; ب; ر م ; ت ب ; س; وان ; ت; رده - ن ; ت; س; ای گ ; وب ه ; رك ; ود س ; ا وج ; ا- ب ; لاّه ; م م ; ه رژی ; وده ك ; ه دار ب ; ش; ری
عدالت طلبانه زنان، پیروز گردد، هم از این روست كه بقول یک خبرنگار:
«! اين، مبارزات زنان ايران است که رژيم ملا هّا را گيج و مفلوک کرده است »
ا; ه ب ; ن دارم ك ; ی; ق; م و ی ; وی ; ی گ ; اش م ; ادب ; ران، ش ; واه ای ; خ; ت; دال ; ان آزاده و ع ; وم زن ; م; ه ع ; روز ۱۷ دی را ب ; ال ; ن س ; ی; ادم ; ت; ف; ه
ر; گ; ار دی ; د و ب ; د ش ; واه ; ون خ ; گ; رن ; زس ; ی; ران ن ; ر ای ; م ب ; اك ; ط ح ; ح; ن; م م ; واه، رژی ; خ; ای آزادی ; روه ; ی; ه ن ; م; ی ه ; گ; ت; س; ب; م; اد و ه ; ح; ات
زنان میهن ما
«.... به آفتاب سلامی دوباره خواهند داد »
فرح پهلوی

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PostPosted: Sat Jan 07, 2006 2:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote



Ba Sepaas

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PostPosted: Sun Jan 08, 2006 12:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


17 Of Dey

17 Of Dey: Day of Emancipation of Iranian Women
By the late Shahram Javidpour
(Unauthorized translation)

Three o’clock in the afternoon, on Wednesday 17th of Dey (January 8, 1936), during a special ceremony in Tehran’s teachers’ preparatory college, Reza Shah Pahlavi ordered the casting aside of the chador, and announced the emancipation of Iranian women and their entrance into Iranian society. Thus began a new chapter in the biography of the Iranian woman. In this gathering Reza Shah was accompanied by his wife and daughters who themselves, for the first time, were appearing in public without wearing their chadors.

Having met the girl scouts welcoming party, Reza Shah and his companions visited various parts of the college, and female students who had finished their studies in medicine and midwifery received their diplomas from the hands of the Iranian king himself. After Mrs. Hajer Tarbiat, a women’s representative, had finished her speech, Reza Shah addressed the company. It was addressed to the women of Iran:

“We should not forget that half of our country’s population was unaccounted for; that half of our country’s skilled forces were unemployed. Women did not figure in any statistics, as though they were creatures of a different kind and were not among the population of Iran…I am not given to pretense…and don’t wish to compare today with the days gone by, but ladies, you should consider this a great day and use the opportunities that you now have for the good of your country…You, my sisters and daughters, entering into society and having taken steps toward your own and your nation’s prosperity, know that it is your duty to work for the betterment of your country. The prosperity of the future is in your hands. You shall be the educators of the next generation and it is through you as good educators that good individuals shall generate.”

As it is indicated in Reza Shah’s speech, the main motive behind the removal of the Hijab and the conception of 17 of Dey was not to change the garment and appearance of women only, but that the ultimate goal of this historical step was the creation of an opening into social life and the removal of unyielding impediments, built of religious beliefs and interpretations, that blocked such passage.

The strategy to emancipate women, which began by the removal of the chador or the “Hijab”, had first been set in motion in Turkey and Afghanistan. It was successful in Turkey due to the violent and rigid measures taken by Ataturk, but in Afghanistan met with an uprising by Habibollah Sagha and was fully defeated with the fall of Afghanistan’s ruler Amanollah Khan. These attempts and the ensuing results in countries that were Iran’s neighbors did not escape the watchful eyes of the Iranian king, for he was not one to waste the experience thus afforded him in setting the plan in motion in his own country.

The value of Reza Shah’s contributions and sense of timing in bringing about the emancipation of Iranian women become all the more impressive when we learn, that at a time when Islam had far stronger a grip on Iranian society than either Turkey or Afghanistan, by preparing public opinion and rearing women’s inclination towards freedom for years, he brought the movement of the emancipation of women to a successful conclusion without extraordinary resistance, and laid the foundation for Iran’s most significant social transformation.

Historical documents show that along with the coup of 1921 and the transfer of power (from the Qajars) to Commander Reza Pahlavi, there came an outpouring of the demand for freedom from the women of Iran. They also show that the preliminary arrangements and the laying of the intellectual foundations in support of emancipation commenced with the beginning of the reign of Reza Shah, culminating in 17 of Dey finally, after more than ten years of continuous effort and struggle.

Association of Women’s Vigilance, Association of Women’s Progress, Association of Patriotic Women, Women’s Club…and also such newspapers as the Blossom in Tehran, Women’s Language in Esfehan, Welfare Courier in Rasht, Girls of Iran in Shiraz…that were managed and published by Iranian women, are but some efforts, years before the abolishment of the “Hijab”, to encourage open-mindedness (among women themselves, especially), understanding and acceptance of such change. The creation of coeducational elementary schools, the singing of national and patriotic songs during ceremonies, the rule directed at government officials and army personnel to be accompanied by their female partners in official parties and ceremonies, ratification of the Marriage Law and the creation of official marriage and divorce offices in the country, the establishment of Teachers’ colleges for girls, the creation of midwifery schools, the creation of women’s technical school, the dispatch of the first group of female students to Europe and many other acts of the kind, are among the productive efforts that were made during this ten-year period.

Such noticeable efforts, and the appearance of alterations in Iranian society, were not lost upon foreigners. This is illustrated by a report on the subject by the British charge d’affairs to his government. In the archives of the British Foreign Office there exists a letter, numbered 401, and dated September 7, 1928 (7 years before 17 of Dey), which this country’s charge d’affairs in Tehran had written to the British Foreign Secretary. He writes:

“Until recently in the streets of Tehran, women and men would walk on opposite sides of the street, but now women accompany men to the restaurants, they sit at the same table, they go to the movies together, and together ride in carriages and cars, of course with the chador, but they’re not as insistent in covering their faces as before.”

This document shows that at least seven years prior to 1936, great steps had already been taken and much effort had already been made in removing the centuries-long social barrier to allow the joint presence of women and men in social space.

Nor did such changes escape the machinations of other foreigners and their agents. In July 1935, a man called Bohloul (Mohammad-Taghi Neishaburi) - http://www.bohloul.com/index.htm - went up to the pulpit of city of Mashhad’s Goharshad Mosque and, accompanied by thousands of villagers from around Mashhad, who had poured into the city armed with shovels, hatchets and sickles, started a riot under the pretext that the government had interfered in the affairs of the clergy.

Bohloul, who had come to Mashhad hours before the riots, wished to play, with foreign aid, the same role played by Habibollah Sagha in Afghanistan earlier. But his plan was destroyed by the government’s vigilance and decisiveness, which by crushing a riot that could have spread to other parts of the country, put an end to this sinister conspiracy in its inception.

Bohloul escaped to Afghanistan, living abroad for 43 years under British protection, only to return with the establishment of the Islamic Republic and the creation of a regime that 43 years earlier he himself wished to create, to welcome Ayatollah Khomeini.

Almost six months after the riots in Mashhad, Reza Shah the Great, with an intelligent sense of timing, and after at least ten years of effort and preparation, took the step to abolish the Hijab in Iran, launching Iran’s great social transformation and paving the way for the women of Iran to reach the high position they were able to attain during the reign of his son, Mohamad Reza Shah Pahlavi.

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PostPosted: Sun Jan 08, 2006 6:39 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Iranian Women Greet Anniversary of "Emancipation Law"

SMCCDI (Information Service)
January 7, 2006

Millions of Iranian Women greeted, today, the seventieth
anniversary of the "Women's Emancipation Law". This
measure, seeking to establish the gender equality, was
adopted in 1935 and remained in full force, till its
abolishment by the Islamist clergy who took the power in
1979 and instated the current "Gender Apartheid Policy".

Many Iranian women and especially young girls were seen
speaking about the then revolutionary law and cherished its
modernist legacy. Many were openly comparing their actual
dark status with the enlighted conditions which were
prevailing three decades ago, when women were equal to men
and were able to enjoy of almost the same rights and degree
of freedom.

Many especially among female students were openly mocking
the clerics and were promising to bring them down from

Others were sharply criticizing controversial individuals,
such as, Shirin Ebadi and Mehranguiz Kar who are currently
promoted by some foreign circles as women's rights'
defenders. Indeed, many Iranians remember them as the
accomplices of Ayatollah Khomeini and as those who fueled
the instauration of the "Gender Apartheid Policy".

Ebadi and Kar, a then judge and a then lawyer, are well
known for having pushed the limit, in their opposition to
the former Iranian regime, till endorsing openly the veil
by covering their heads with scarves in support of the
dogmatic clerical revolution. They did such a shameful act,
by end 1978, at a time that thousands of Iranian women,
aware of what was going to happen if clerics would come to
take the power, marched in Tehran's streets by shouting the
famous slogan "Na Roossari, Na Too-Sari" (No to Veil, No to

For many it was Ebadi and Kar alikes who gave a kind of
justification to Islamists for attacking women who were
opposed to the Mandatory Veil and the gender

Others were condemning some leftist groups which are still
refusing to mention the name of such a memorable Iranian
day and its unprecedented legacy for Iranian women. These
groups are well known for only focusing on "March 8" which
is the "International Women's Day" while keeping the
silence, or worst, by even condemning the "Iranian women's
Emancipation Law". Such controversial take of position has
its root in these groups' blind opposition to Iran's former
regime and the fact that most of them are in reality
political shops which are capitalizing on Iranian women
rather than genuinely trying to defend them.

Several female students were heard stating: "These leftist
or so-called feminist groups and their activists are not
genuine women defenders... They avoid mentioning and
cherish such a genuine Iranian day... They're more
attached to imported symbols, such as, Rosa Luxembourg as
the Islamists are attached to Hussein or Ali (Shias

Others were blasting opportunist individuals, such as,
Christian Amanpoor - the CNN Anchor of Iranian origin - who
was heard justifying in her way the repression, of Iranian
women, by stating that "the situation of Iranian women is
not bad in general as for example and in contrary to Saudi
Arabia, they have the right to drive car".

Amanpoor omitted to mention, in that 2002 San Francisco
meeting, the fact that Iranian women's status and history
were totally different than their Saudi Arabian sisters. In
addition, it's a well known fact that the Islamic republic
restituted Amanpoor's paternal properties around the same
time that she was making favorable reports for the
Khatami's administration.

Many were seen happy to read or hear the take of position
of the former Iranian Queen who issued, today, a communiqué
in remembrance of this key date and at the occasion of its
seventieth anniversary. In parts of her message of hope
which was widely distributed and was seen changing hand
from hand, Farah Pahlavi-Diba reminded the legacy of the
"Emancipation Law" and condemned the current women's

In another part of her statement and after calling for
"women's unity around their common aspiration for
emancipation", Pahlavi-Diba was correctly pointed to the
fact that "It's the struggle of Iranian women which has
lead to the mullahs' confusion and misery." In the closing
part of this statement, the one known as the Shahbanoo
predicted that "soon, Iranian women would greet the sun

The latter who benefits of an important degree of trust and
popularity among Iranian masses, as a symbol of modernism
and gender equality, had tried to stay afar from politic
till now. But it seems that the degradation of Iran's
social and political conditions have brought her to break
the silence. Even, many republicans believe that
Pahlavi-Diba can play a major role as a Catalyst for change
in Iran.

On January 7, 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi, founder of the
former Iranian regime, shook the backwarded religious,
social and political foundations which were existing since
the Islamist invasion of Iran made fourteen centuries
earlier. He gave back to Iranian women their past natural
rights and forced the then backwarded Iranian society to
accept the existence of women without the veil and as an
equal partner of men in the society. The measure,
unprecedented in a then Muslim country, paved the ground
for Iranian women to access all social, professional and
political spheres. Women who were considered till then as
half of a human being were soon able to become teacher,
doctor, researcher, engineer, architect, artist, lawyer,
judge, ambassadress, ministry of state, soldier, sailor and
even fighter pilot.

Iranian women's "right to vote" followed in 1963, meaning a
year earlier than some western countries, such as,
Switzerland. This law raised the Islamists anger against
Mohamad-Reza Shah Pahlavi and became a key element in
Khomeini's march toward political power which was gained
sixteen years later.

The result of Khomeini?s accession to power and the
dramatic situation of Iranian women are well known. Women
were banned from many jobs or studies. The lost the right
of divorce, keeping their children in case of conjugal
separation. Polygamy's "right" was re-instated for men and
females can be forced to marry passed the age of fourteen.
Women's share of inheritance or decision has been reduced
to half of a man and women are considered as a source of
temptation by Islamists.

It was only due to the legacy of the "Emancipation Law" and
its four decades of governmental promoted and protected
application, that clerics were later unable to force
Iranian women to stay at home as they intended to pass a
law in that line. It's due to the very same law and its
ramifications that Iranian women have, in ourdays, such as
noticeable aspiration toward modernity and secularism.

Many believe that the Iranian women are the ultimate force
who will bring down the Islamic republic regime, if a well
trusted and respected feminist and modernist symbol would
actively work in order to unify them.

For a better understanding of Iranian Women's struggle and
the roots of the current challenges, read:



Comments / Nazariat:
Tel: +1 (972) 504-6864
Fax: +1 (972) 491-9866
E.mail: smccdi@daneshjoo.org

www.daneshjoo.org www.iranstudents.org

The "Student Movement Coordination Committee for Democracy
in Iran" (SMCCDI) / "Komite e Hamahangui e Jonbesh e
Daneshjoo i Baraye Democracy dar Iran"

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 13, 2006 4:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


Ba Sepaas

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